About Private IP Addresses
192.168.1.254 is a private IP address, one of a block of addresses that are reserved for private networks.
This means that a device within this private network cannot be accessed directly from the internet using this private IP, but that any device on a local network can connect to any other device also on that network.
While the router itself has the private IP of 192.168.1.254, it assigns any devices in its network a different, private IP address. All IP addresses on a network should have a unique address (within that network) to avoid IP address conflicts.
Other common private IP addresses used by modems and routers are 192.168.1.100 and 192.168.1.101.
Accessing the Router’s Admin Panel
A router’s IP address is set by the manufacturer at the factory, but you can change it at any time using its administrative interface. Entering ‘http://192.168.1.254’ (not ‘www.192.168.1.254’) into a web browser’s address bar enables access to your router’s console.
Here, you can change the router’s IP as well as configure several other options, depending on your router.
If you don’t know your router’s IP address, you can locate it easily using a command prompt:
- Press Windows-X to open the Power Users menu.
- Click Command Prompt.
- Enter ipconfig to display a list of all your computer’s connections.
Find Default Gateway under the ‘Local Area Connection’ section. This is your router’s IP address.
All routers are shipped with default usernames and passwords. The user/pass combinations are fairly standard for each manufacturer. These are almost always identified by a sticker on the hardware itself.
Once you have access to your router’s administrative console, you can configure the router in several ways. First off, be sure to set a secure username/password combination. Without that, anyone can access your router’s panel and change its settings without your knowledge.
Routers usually allow users to change other settings, including the IP addresses it has assigned to devices on the network.